| 
  • If you are citizen of an European Union member nation, you may not use this service unless you are at least 16 years old.

  • You already know Dokkio is an AI-powered assistant to organize & manage your digital files & messages. Very soon, Dokkio will support Outlook as well as One Drive. Check it out today!

View
 

04

This version was saved 10 years, 9 months ago View current version     Page history
Saved by cltan001@...
on October 6, 2013 at 10:43:13 am
 

 

跨國主義與全球世代           應華一乙 謝欣潔

    本周主題著墨在全球化時代下公民身分及社會認同的改變、公民參與新世代的行動,都造成前所未見的改變。我的感想是全球化影響的速度與幅度已經快到難以想像,並且與每個人息息相關,無法置身事外。例如台灣近年來持續攀升的外籍新娘數目,由於佔總人口比相當可觀,如何因應十分迫在眉睫,不僅僅是外籍新娘得適應台灣,身為土生土長的台灣人,也得適應一個新的社會組成關係;而外籍勞工的增加,也使的本土勞工得思考自己的競爭優勢。愈來愈趨多元的文化環境下,政府該如何在各個不同族群面向、職業面向、文化面向上加以彙整,鎔鑄成一個前進的台灣,這是非常大的課題,也有賴政府民間攜手合作。

    國際間連結性加強,全球事件常引起全球性的抗爭活動,原因除了時空收斂下彼此距離縮短,公民意識的提高也不可忽視。當人人對於自己是「全球化下的公民」中的一份子有非常清楚的認知,自然會非常關注全球化下的事件,進而有具體的行動,這些行動通常主張公平、正義、開放等等,值得注意的是,不同於以往國家指揮者總是在上位的政府,這些公民行動是由下而上的、自動自發的,也就是說,當代社會每個人對公共事務的參與度提高許多,也認為自己可以為社會做點改變。

    在全球化快速的作用下,國與國之間的關係劇烈變動、人與環境的關係改變、人們對社會認同改變皆是空前的巨變,國際關係得重新調整,人與環境的認知得慢慢修正,社會認同也有必要調為符合當代潮流的模式,改變之快有時令人覺得猝不及防,但仍得保持開放的心胸,迎接來自四面八方的資訊,迎接這個轉型中的新社會。

 

各位同學好 我是助教

分組名單如下:

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

歐陽太詠

李艾庭

周欣宇

蕭偉騰

胡均立

黃珮雅

沈佳蓮

蔡愛琳

黃瀞儀

范莛敔

劉法柔

謝榕森

沈凡音

韋愛琳

李怡慧

王于欣

邱宜

周品

張容瑄

夏健雄

吳明淨

吳品萱

張婷婷

陳怡伶

賴彥蓁

林安俐

謝欣潔

楊家豪

夏佑寧

葉姵妤

李佳儒

羅安璇

黃錦賢

高守潔

徐珮瑜

林佳宜

賴維芃

白富怡

馬儷維

吳思萱

陳秋琳

張孟華

陳嘉煒

蔡韻婷

杜若寧

林品懿

梁凱韻

 

 

 

 

林珧平

 

 

 

 

我的信箱:nikekingdom@gmail.com 有任何問題歡迎寄信問我

 

 

夏建雄                                                          499850561                                                     應華四

                                                                        第四次上課心得  

 

全球化時代 

全球化時代是指全球聯繫不斷增強,人類生活在全球規模的基礎上發展及全球意識的崛起。國與國之間在政治、經濟貿易上互相依存。全球化亦可以解釋為世界的壓縮和視全球為一個整體。

政府決策者、政黨領袖、工商界、學術界、工會領袖以至大眾傳媒無不談及全球化的影響及其如何改變我們的生活。沒有權力中心的全球規則,然而經由各種政治機制,可以使政府行為者具有責任承擔的能力。這些政府行為者應該和非政府組織互動,但是在全球治理的時候,卻會有各自獨特且不同的責任。政府行為者必須代表全不同的構成分子,至少在一個民主的體制之下,例如追求利益的私人企業、感情驅使的民間行為者。

問題一 什麼東西阻止了臺灣全球化時代?

  1. 臺灣新聞-好多無聊的新聞比如某家的小狗不見了,小三情節等等。
  2. 外交孤立-臺灣的外交政策孤立。
  3. 臺灣的教育體系。
  4. 不注重國際新聞,國際動態等等。
  5. 海外志工參與度低。
  6. 臺灣的治安很安全這個不錯!贊同。

佔領華爾街-行動靈感來自2011年發生的阿拉伯之春,尤其是發生在2011年埃及革命期間的開羅塔利爾廣場周圍的集會與示威運動。行動於2011917日開始,當日近一千名示威者進入紐約金融中心華爾街示威,警方更一度圍起華爾街地標華爾街銅牛阻止示威者進入活動的目標是要持續佔領紐約市金融中心區的華爾街,以反抗大公司的貪婪不公和社會的不平等,反對大公司影響美國政治,以及金錢和公司對民主、在全球經濟危機中對法律和政治的負面影響。

奈及利亞大學遭攻擊 50死事件!奈及利亞東北部尤比州一所大專的宿舍今天淩晨遭武裝分子攻擊,他們對睡夢中的學生開火,恐怕有多達50人喪命 

 

 

 

 

黃錦賢   國文系(交換生)   90299017X

第四周 - 跨國主義與全球化 

 

在課堂上,老師有提到台灣的‘關廠工人’,就搜尋了他們的源起。

「全國關廠工人連線」目前為多個在1996-98年遭到惡性倒閉的自救會所組成的,包括聯福製衣、福昌紡織電子、耀元電子、興利紙業、東菱電子、太中工業等自救會。

1996 年全國各地爆發惡性關廠風潮,後來各自救會組成「全國關廠工人連線」,包括聯福製衣、福昌紡織電子、東菱電子、太中工業、東洋針織、路明電子等自救會,發動激烈抗爭,例如軟禁老闆、臥軌、絕食等,要求監督退休金失職的勞委會「代位求償」,先將資遣費、退休金發給工人,再由國家向老闆追討。勞委會為了安撫抗議群眾,於19977月推出「關廠歇業失業勞工促進就業貸款」,以貸款形式發給了「代位求償」的金額。16年後,勞委會卻到法院告工人,要求工人償還「貸款」。於是各自救會重新運作,加入了1998年擋大專聯考考生抗議的耀元電子自救會,以及苗栗地區的興利紙業自救會。串連抗議勞委會的惡劣討債行動。

(Source from https://www.facebook.com/ShutdownButNotShutup)

 

再來,讓我覺得有趣的聯想就是‘丟鞋子’這舉動也可以是一種跨國的表現。老師提到最早是先在阿拉伯發生‘丟鞋子’事件,而在這些國家的文化里,鞋子算是很骯髒的東西,所以用鞋子丟別人是有著鄙視的意思和不滿的表現。之後類似事件就接二連三的發生,多數是表現出心中的不滿。

 

另外,就有老師提出的奈及利亞事件,也是老師認為是我們應該重視的事件。事件就是奈及利亞伊斯蘭激進組織「博科聖地」的多名槍手在當地時間廿九日清晨一時許闖入東北部尤比州一所農業學院宿舍掃射,並放火燒毀教室,至少五十名熟睡中的學生遭殺害博科聖地試圖推翻奈國政府,建立伊斯蘭國度。該組織視學校為西方文化的象徵,因此屢次攻擊學校。

(Source from http://udn.com/NEWS/WORLD/WOR3/8193986.shtml#ixzz2grzmMdmb )
因為通常這些恐怖組織不會對付自己國家的知識份子,但是這一次是因為他們認為學校就是西化的象徵,他們不喜歡就想要毀了他。而這種非洲內部問題會是全球的焦點。

 

最後,分組討論之後,一些組別分享了會有什麼事情會阻礙全球化什麼事情會鼓勵全球化,而其中我個人非常同意的一點是國家媒體會阻礙全球化。大多普通的人民就只會看自己國家播報的新聞,而這就會是他們國際知識的來源,最後就會是他們如何了解及詮釋莫件事件。若媒體報導的是非常全面的話,這就會使得人民跟加了解事情,但如果都不全面又很個人意見或根本不報事情,那麼廣大人民如何更了解或增長國際知識呢?所以,媒體對全球化發展是非常重要而不可忽略的。

 

 

 

第四周心得

陈秋琳 (交换生)

One of the topics mentioned in class this week was on International Volunteering. In today’s globalized world, the advances in technology of communication and transport have brought about a significant rise in International Volunteerism. There are organizations such as Projects Abroad and International Volunteer Programs Association that provide international volunteering opportunities and offer tips on planning, funding etc. Increasingly, we see students taking part in overseas volunteering program or retirees going to third world countries to provide assistance. Recently, my friend interning at KPMG was in charge of planning a corporate overseas volunteering project, showing that even business corporate is involved in this. It is comforting to know that so many are willing to give back to the society and help the less privileged.

 

Consequently, this also leads to a phenomenon called Voluntourism. It is coined from the phrase “volunteer tourism” where people replace their short vacations for international volunteering. It is short term, ranging from days to a month. The participants are diverse and essentially tourists. Initially, when I learned about this, I thought it was an awesome initiative. Having volunteered in my own community on many occasions, I have always wanted to embark on international volunteering. However, after watching a documentary on the negative impact of voluntourism, it changed my mind.

 

Undeniably, voluntourism has brought about many benefits which include boosting the host countries’ economies, improving living conditions of locals, widening worldviews of volunteers etc. Despite that, the unforeseen negative impact that plagues voluntourism seems to outweigh the positive. Increasingly, there are many companies that are tapping into this growing industry, making profits out of organizing overseas volunteering projects. They collect a sum of money from participants, stating that it would be split into expenditure and donation for the whole project. However, most of these funds do not go into the right hands. A large sum of it goes to the voluntourism company and the so called donations may be embezzled by middlemen. In addition, these voluntourism companies do not conduct criminal background checks on their volunteers. These volunteers, especially those in orphanages, can be paedophiles with ill intentions. It had happened and will happen again if no regulations are being imposed.

 

Take orphanages in Cambodia for example. There has been a 65 percent increase in orphanages in Cambodia since 1995. With the increase in voluntourism, the situation should be getting better, not worse. Due to the increase in foreign assistance to Cambodia orphanages in recent years, parents have been putting their children in orphanages so that they can have “better lives”. Hence, instead of encouraging self sufficiency, voluntourism in Cambodia had brought about reliance. Some orphanages are also intentionally kept in poor conditions in a bid to garner more sympathy from volunteers. In addition, volunteers are only brief companions for the orphans. These poor children have to deal with the emotional trauma of parting with these friends every time the volunteers leave. The misplaced goodwill of volunteers can be detrimental to the children’s mental health in the long run.

 

There are many more negative effects of voluntourism that leads people to question if it does more harm than good to the host communities. Being a volunteer myself, I was shocked when I discovered all these startling facts. I still support international volunteering but it must be done right. We have to make sure that we understand the culture of local communities and what they really need before we plunge into it. We have to be aware of exploitation that beneficiaries are vulnerable to. We have to be mindful of the impact that our actions will bring. Most importantly, focus on creating a sustainable voluntourism whereby short term assistance would bring about long term benefits. 

 

If interested, do refer to this http://www.tourismconcern.org.uk/al-jazeera-voluntourism.html for a short documentary.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comments (0)

You don't have permission to comment on this page.